Countries Involved in MLS: United States and Canada
Confederation Aligned: CONCACAF
Founded on: 17th December, 1993
Head Quarters: Fifth Avenue, New York City
Number of Teams: 22 (USA – 19, Canada – 3)
Conferences: Eastern Conference and Western Conference
Domestic Tournaments: US Open Cup and Canadian Championship
Other Tournament: CONCACAF Championship
Current MLS Cup: Seattle Sounders FC (1st Title)
Most Number of MLS Cups: LA Galaxy (5 titles)
Attached Performance based Trophy: Supporters’ Shield
Current Supporters’ Shield Holders: Toronto FC (1st Shield)
Most Number of Supporters’ Shield Holders: D. C. United and LA Galaxy (4 Shields)
Official Website: mlssoccer.com
Major League Soccer is a men’s professional soccer league which is played in the United States and was sanctioned by U.S. Soccer, which represents sport’s highest level in both the United States and Canada.
MLS comprises as one of the major professional sports league of the United States and Canada. The league constitutes 22 teams where 19 teams from U.S and 3 teams from Canada takes part in the regular season.
The regular season runs from March to October with each team playing 34 games. The team with the best record in the regular season is awarded with Supporters shield. The postseason includes 12 teams who compete in MLS Cup Playoffs through November and December, climaxing in the championship game, the MLS Cup.
The teams also play in other domestic competitions against other teams from different divisions in the U.S. Open Cup and the Canadian Championship. MLS teams also compete against continental rivals in the CONCACAF Champions League.
In 1988, in exchange for FIFA awarding the right to host the 1994 World
Cup, U.S. Soccer promised to establish a Division 1 professional soccer league where Major League Soccer was established in 1993. The first season took place in 1996
with 10 teams in which MLS experienced financial and operational struggles in its first few years. The league lost millions of dollars where teams played in mostly American football stadiums and two teams got folded in 2002.
Since then, MLS expanded to 22 teams where owners built soccer specific stadium and now average attendance exceeds that of the National Hockey League (NHL) and National Basketball Association (NBA). After that MLS secured national TV contracts and the league is now profitable.
The 22 teams is divided between Eastern and Western Conference. Here each club is allowed to keep 28 players in its first team roster. All the 28 players are eligible for the selection of 18 players game-day squad for the regular season and playoffs.
Since 2005 season, MLS has added many new clubs and during the period of expansion, Los Angeles became the first two-team market, and the league pushed into Canada in 2007. The league expanded from 20 teams to 22 teams in 2017 with the addition of Atlanta and Minnesota.
The league is going to expand in 23 teams with the addition of Los Angeles FC in 2018 and also plans to expand to 24 teams by 2019. The league further plans to expand to 26 teams by the beginning of 2020 season and 28 teams at some later date.
In the history of MLS, 23 different clubs have competed in the league with 11 winning at least one MLS cup and 11 having won at least one Supporters Shield. Six times the same club have won both the trophies in the same year (two clubs have done it twice).
Beginning of 2017 season, teams are aligned as follows:
|Atlanta United FC||Atlanta, Gerogia||Mercedes Benz Stadium||2017|
|Chicago Fire||Bridgeview, Illinois||Toyota Parl||1998|
|Columbus Crew SC||Columbus, Ohio||MAPFRE Stadium||1996|
|D.C. United||Washington, D.C.||Audi Field||1996|
|Montreal Impact||Montreal, Quebec||Saputo Stadium||2012|
|New England Revolution||Foxborough, Massachusetts||Gillette Stadium||1996|
|New York City FC||New York, New York||Yankee Stadium||2015|
|New York Red Bulls||Harrison, New Jersey||Red Bull Arena||1996|
|Orlando City SC||Orlando, Florida||Orlando City Stadium||2015|
|Philadelphia Union||Chester, Pennsylvania||Talen Energy Stadium||2010|
|Toronto FC||Toronto, Ontario||BMO Field||2007|
|Colorado Rapids||Commerce City, Colorado||Dick's Sporting Goods Park||1996|
|FC Dallas||Frisco, Texas||Toyota Stadium||1996|
|Houston Dynamo||Houston, Texas||BBVA Compass Stadium||2006|
|LA Galaxy||Carson, California||StubHub Center||1996|
|Minnesota United FC||Minneapolis, Minnesota||TCF Bank Stadium||2017|
|Portland Timbers||Portland, Oregon||Providence Park||2011|
|Real Salt Lake||Sandy, Utah||Rio Tinto Stadium||2005|
|San Jose Earthquakes||San Jose, California||Avaya Stadium||1996|
|Seattle Sounders FC||Seattle, Washington||CenturyLink Field||2009|
|Sporting Kansas City||Kansas City, Kansas||Children's Mercy Park||1996|
|Vancouver Whitecaps FC||Vancouver, British Columbia||BC Place||2011|
|Los Angeles FC||Los Angeles, California||Banc of California Stadium||2018|
|Miami||Miami, Florida||Miami MLS Stadium||
(pending stadium agreement, not officially awarded)
|Chivas USA||Carson, California||StubHub Center||2005-2014|
|Miami Fusion||Fort Lauderdale, Florida||Lockhart Stadium||1998-2001|
|Tampa Bay Mutiny||Tampa, Florida||Raymond James Stadium||1996-2001|
Some stadiums are shared facility not a soccer specific stadium.
MLS Competition Format
Major League Soccer’s regular season runs from March to October where teams are divided into Eastern and Western Conference. Teams play 34 games in an unbalanced schedule where 23 matches are played against the teams within the same conference and 11 against the teams of other conference.
Midway through the season, teams break for the annual All Star game a friendly match between the league’s finest players and a major club from different league. At the end of the league the team with the highest points in the regular season is awarded the Supporters Shield.
The regular season is followed by 12 teams MLS Cup playoffs in November and ending with the MLS Championship final in early December. Where this playoffs format is unlike to some soccer leagues around the world but is similar to other leagues in America.
MLS’s spring to fall schedule clashes the FIFA calendar and with the summertime tournaments such as World Cup and Gold Cup, which causes many players to miss some MLS matches. While MLS has looked into changing into fall to spring format but there are no current plans to do so. If the league changes its schedule then substantial winter break would be necessary due to teams located in harsh winter climate.
MLS teams also play in other competitions like the CONCACAF Champions League. In this competition, every year five MLS teams compete against other clubs from CONCACAF region (Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean). As per the spot allocated to the MLS teams, two U.S. based MLS teams qualify based on the regular season results (the winner of Western Conference and the winner of Eastern Conference). The third U.S. team to qualify is the winner of MLS Cup.
A fourth U.S. based MLS team can qualify via the U.S. Open Cup where U.S. based teams compete against lower division U.S. clubs. If a team qualifies through multiple berths, or if any of the MLS berths are taken by Canada based MLS team then the berth is reallocated to the best U.S. based team in the Supporters' Shield table which has failed to qualify. Canadian MLS clubs play against lower division Canadian clubs in the Canadian Championship for the one Champions League spot which is allocated to Canada.
No MLS clubs have won the CONCACAF Champions League since the beginning of its current format in 2008. Mexican clubs have dominated the competition but MLS teams have twice reached the finals (Real Salt Lake in 2011 and Montreal Impact in 2015).
Teams with total number MLS Cups and Supporters Shield:
|Teams||MLS Cups||Years||Supporters Shield||Years|
|LA Galaxy||5||2002, 2005, 2011, 2012, 2014||4||1998, 2002, 2010, 2011|
|D.C. United||4||1996, 1997, 1999, 2004||4||1997, 1999, 2006, 2007|
|San Jose Earthquakes||2||2001, 2003||2||2005, 2012|
|Sporting Kansas City||2||2000, 2013||1||2000|
|Houston Dynamo||2||2006, 2007||-||-|
|Columbus Crew SC||1||2008||3||2004, 2008, 2009|
|Seattle Sounders FC||1||2016||1||2014|
|Real Salt Lake||1||2009||-||-|
|New York Red Bulls||-||-||2||2013, 2015|
|Tampa Bay Mutiny||-||-||1||1996|
Numbers are as per date 27 October 2017.
As of October 23, 2017 here are the top 10 player records:
|1||Landon Donovan||2001-2004, 2016||145|
|5||Ante Razov||1996-2000, 2001-2009||114|
|7||Dwayne De Rosario||2001-2004||104|
|8||Edson Buddle||2001-2010, 2012-2015||100|
|10||Kei Kamara||2006-2013, 2015-present||98|
|1||Landon Donovan||2001-2004, 2016||136|
|10||Sacha Kljestan||2006-2010, 2015-present||84|
Player Records (Active)
Numbers listed below is as per 23 October 2017
The rivalries in MLS has been turned into Rivalry Cups and the information about the rivalry cups is given below in this link: